The Occupational Pension Schemes (Climate Change Governance and Reporting) Regulations 2021

Statutory instruments
2021 No.
Pensions

Made ***
Laid before Parliament ***
Coming into force 1 October 2021

The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 41A(1), (2), (3)(a), (b), (d) and (e), (4), (5), (6) and (7), 41B, 41C(1), (2) and (3), 124(1) and 174(2) and (3) of the Pensions Act 1995 [footnote 1] makes the following Regulations.

[In accordance with section 120(1) of the Pensions Act 1995, the Secretary of State has consulted such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.]

[A draft of these Regulations has been laid before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament in accordance with section 175(2A) [footnote 2]. of the Pensions Act 1995.]

Part 1: Introduction

Citation and commencement

1. These Regulations may be cited as the Occupational Pension Schemes (Climate Change Governance and Reporting) Regulations 2021 and come into force on 1st October 2021.

Part 2: Climate Change Governance and Reporting

Climate change governance etc. requirements

2. — (1) Trustees of a trust scheme which has relevant assets equal to, or exceeding, £5 billion on the first scheme year end date which falls on or after 1st March 2020 must comply with the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations —

(a) from 1st October 2021 where the scheme is an earmarked scheme; or

(b) where the scheme is not an earmarked scheme, from 1st October 2021 or, if later, from the date on which the trustees obtain audited accounts in relation to that scheme year end date.

(2) Trustees of a trust scheme which does not meet the description specified in paragraph (1) and which has relevant assets equal to, or exceeding, £1 billion on the first scheme year end date which falls on or after 1st March 2021 must comply with the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations —

(a) from 1st October 2022 where the scheme is an earmarked scheme; or
(b) where the scheme is not an earmarked scheme, from 1st October 2022 or, if later, from the date on which the trustees obtain audited accounts in relation to that scheme year end date.

(3) Trustees of a trust scheme —

(a) which does not meet the description specified in paragraph (1) or (2); and
(b) which on a scheme year end date which falls on or after 1st March 2022 has relevant assets equal to, or exceeding, £1 billion, must comply with the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations from the scheme year commencement date which is one scheme year and one day after that scheme year end date.

(4) Trustees of a trust scheme —

(a) in respect of which the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations have ceased to apply in accordance with paragraph (5); and
(b) which on a subsequent scheme year end date has relevant assets equal to, or exceeding, £1 billion,
must comply with the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations from the scheme year commencement date which is one scheme year and one day after that subsequent scheme year end date.

(5) All requirements imposed on trustees in accordance with paragraphs (1) to (4) cease to apply with effect from any subsequent scheme year end date on which the scheme has relevant assets of less than £500 million.

(6) Paragraphs (1) to (5) do not apply to trustees of a trust scheme —

(a) which is a master trust scheme;
(b) which provides collective money purchase benefits; or
(c) which is a formerly authorised scheme.

(7) Trustees of authorised master trust schemes and trustees of authorised collective money purchase schemes must comply with the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations from 1st October 2021, or, if later, from the date on which the scheme is authorised.

(8) The requirements imposed on trustees in accordance with paragraph (7) cease to apply with immediate effect where —

(a) the scheme becomes a formerly authorised scheme; and
(b) the relevant assets of the scheme were less than £500 million on the scheme year end date immediately preceding the scheme year in which authorisation ceased.

(9) Trustees of a formerly authorised scheme —

(a) which does not meet the description specified in paragraph (8)(b); and
(b) which on a scheme year end date after authorisation ceased has relevant assets of less than £500 million, cease to be subject to the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations with effect from that scheme year end date.

(10) Trustees of a formerly authorised scheme —

(a) in respect of which the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations have ceased to apply in accordance with paragraph (8) or (9); and
(b) which on a subsequent scheme year end date has relevant assets equal to, or exceeding, £1 billion,
must comply with the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations from the scheme year commencement date which is one scheme year and one day after that subsequent scheme year end date.

(11) For the purposes of this regulation —

(a) “audited accounts” means the audited accounts which the trustees are required to obtain in accordance with regulation 2 of the Occupational Pension Schemes (Requirement to Obtain Audited Accounts and a Statement from the Auditor) Regulations 1996; [footnote 3]
(b) “authorised collective money purchase scheme” means a scheme which, or a section of which, is authorised in accordance with section 9 of the Pension Schemes Act [2021] [footnote 4] and to which Part 1 of that Act applies;
(c) “authorised master trust scheme” means a scheme to which Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 [footnote 5] applies and which is authorised in accordance with section 5(4)(a) of that Act;
(d) “collective money purchase benefit” has the meaning given by section 1 of the Pension Schemes Act [2021];
(e) “earmarked scheme” has the meaning given by regulation 1(2) of the Occupational Pension Schemes (Requirement to Obtain Audited Accounts and a Statement from the Auditor) Regulations 1996;
(f) “formerly authorised scheme” means a scheme which on or after 1st October 2021 ceases to be an authorised master trust scheme or ceases to be an authorised collective money purchase scheme;
(g) “master trust scheme” means a scheme to which Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 applies;
(h) “relevant assets” means —
(i) in the case of a scheme in respect of which the trustees are required to obtain audited accounts, the total of the amount of the net assets of the scheme recorded in the audited accounts for the scheme year less the value of the assets of the scheme represented by any relevant contract of insurance recorded in those accounts; or
(ii) in the case of a scheme which is an earmarked scheme, the value of the assets of the scheme represented by any policies of insurance or annuity contracts that are specifically allocated to the provision of benefits for individual members or any other person who has a right to benefits under the scheme, less the value of the assets of the scheme represented by any relevant contract of insurance;
(i) “relevant contract of insurance” means a contract of insurance entered into by the trustees of the scheme with an insurance company regulated in the United Kingdom by the Prudential Regulation Authority where —
(i) the contract provides for payments to be made by the insurance company to the trustees which are intended in all circumstances to fully meet the cost of specified benefits which are not money purchase benefits under section 181(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 [footnote 6] and which are, or will become, payable in accordance with the scheme rules; or
(ii) the contract is an annuity contract which has secured the provision of a pension in payment to or in respect of a scheme member and, at all times before coming into payment, that pension was a benefit falling within section 181B(2) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993,
and the insurance company has full and ongoing discretion over the investment policy for any assets used to meet its liabilities to make payments under the contract;
(j) “scheme year” means —
(i) a year specified for the purposes of the scheme in any document comprising the scheme or, if none, a period of 12 months commencing on 1st April or on such date as the trustees select; or
(ii) such other period exceeding 6 months but not exceeding 18 months as is selected by the trustees in connection with —
(aa) the commencement or termination of the scheme, or
(bb) a variation of the date on which the year or period referred to in paragraph (aa) is to commence;
(k) “scheme year commencement date” means the date on which the scheme year commences;
(l) “scheme year end date” means the date on which the scheme year ends.

Climate change reporting and publication requirements

3. — (1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) trustees of a trust scheme must, within seven months of the scheme year end date of any scheme year in which they were required to comply with the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule to these Regulations —

(a) produce a report in respect of that scheme year which contains the information required by Part 2 of the Schedule; and
(b) publish the report on a publicly available website, accessible free of charge.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply —
(a) in respect of any scheme year where the relevant assets of the scheme on the scheme year end date are zero, unless the scheme is an authorised master trust scheme or an authorised collective money purchase scheme; or
(b) where, in accordance with regulation 2(8), the trustees of a scheme cease to be subject to the requirements in Part 1 of the Schedule.

(3) The report required by paragraph (1)(a) must be signed on behalf of the trustees by —

(a) the chair; or
(b) where no chair has been appointed, or the chair has ceased to hold office as chair for any reason and a replacement has not yet been appointed, a person appointed by the trustees to act as chair in the interim period for the purpose of signing the report, but the trustees are not required to publish the manuscript signature of the person who has signed the report.

(4) For the purposes of this regulation —
(a) “authorised collective money purchase scheme” has the meaning given by regulation 2(11)(b);
(b) “authorised master trust scheme” has the meaning given by regulation 2(11)(c);
(c) “chair” means —
(i) the person appointed as chair of the trustees in accordance with regulation 22 of the Occupational Pension Schemes (Scheme Administration) Regulations 1996; [footnote 7]
(ii) the person appointed as chair of the trustees in accordance with section 221B(7) of the Pensions Act 2004; [footnote 8]
(iii) the person appointed as chair of the trustees by someone other than the trustees, in accordance with the trust deed or scheme rules; or
(iv) in the case of a scheme established under section 67 of the Pensions Act 2008 [footnote 9] (duty to establish a pension scheme), the person appointed as chair of the trustee corporation established under section 75 of that Act (trustee corporation);
(d) “relevant assets” has the meaning given by regulation 2(11)(h);
(e) “scheme year” has the meaning given by regulation 2(11)(j);
(f) “scheme year end date” has the meaning given by regulation 2(11)(l).

Part 3: Compliance

Compliance notices

  1. —(1) The Authority [footnote 10] may issue a compliance notice to any person if the Authority are of the opinion that the person is not complying with, or has not complied with any provision under Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations.

(2) A compliance notice is a notice directing the person to whom it is issued to take, or refrain from taking, the steps specified in the notice.

(3) The steps mentioned in paragraph (2) may be any steps that the Authority reasonably require with a view to ensuring that any non-compliance with any provision under Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations is remedied and, where appropriate, not repeated.

(4) A compliance notice may, in particular —

(a) state the period within which any step must be taken or must cease to be taken;
(b) require the person to provide within a specified period information relating to the non-compliance;
(c) require the person to inform the Authority, within a specified period, how the person has complied with, or is complying with the notice;
(d) give the person a choice between different ways of remedying, or preventing the recurrence of, the non-compliance.

(5) A direction in a compliance notice may be expressed to be conditional on compliance by a third party with a specified direction contained in a third party compliance notice under regulation 5.

(6) A compliance notice must state —

(a) which provision of Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations the Authority believe was not, or is not, being complied with;
(b) the evidence on which that belief is based; and
(c) that if the Authority are of the opinion that the person has failed to comply with the requirements of the notice, the Authority may issue a penalty notice under regulation 6(1)(a)(i) of these Regulations.

Third party compliance notices

5. — (1) Where in any of the circumstances of non-compliance in paragraph (2) —

(a) the Authority are of the opinion that the non-compliance is or was, wholly or partly, a result of an act or omission by another person (“the third party”); and
(b) that act or omission is not in itself a contravention of Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations,
the Authority may issue to the third party a third party compliance notice.

(2) The circumstances mentioned in paragraph (1) are —

(a) receipt of an indication that a person is unable to confirm whether they are complying or will be able to comply with a provision under Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations; or
(b) if the Authority are of the opinion that a person is not complying with, or has not complied with a provision under Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations.

(3) A third party compliance notice is a notice directing the third party to take, or refrain from taking, the steps specified in the notice.

(4) The steps mentioned in paragraph (3) may be any steps that the Authority reasonably require with a view to remedying and, where appropriate, preventing a recurrence of the non-compliance specified in paragraph (2).

(5) A third party compliance notice may, in particular —

(a) state the period within which any step must be taken or must cease to be taken;
(b) require the third party to provide, within a specified period, information relating to the non-compliance specified in paragraph (2);
(c) require the third party to inform the Authority, within a specified period, how the third party has complied with, or is complying with the notice;
(d) give the third party a choice between different steps that may be taken with a view to remedying or preventing the recurrence of the non-compliance specified in paragraph (2).

(6) A third party compliance notice must state —

(a) which of the circumstances of non-compliance in paragraph (2) applies;
(b) the matters which the Authority believe constitute the act or omission by the third party;
(c) if the circumstance in paragraph (2)(b) applies —
(i) which provision of Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations the Authority believe was not, or is not being complied with;
(ii) the evidence on which the Authority’s belief is based; and
(d) that if the Authority are of the opinion that the person has failed to comply with the requirements of the notice, the Authority may issue a penalty notice under regulation 6(1)(b) of these Regulations.

Penalty notices

6. — (1) Subject to paragraph (2) and to regulation 8(1) and (3)(b), the Authority may issue a penalty notice to —

(a) a person where they are of the opinion that the person has —
(i) failed to comply with a compliance notice under regulation 4; or

(ii) contravened a provision under Part 2 of, or the Schedule to these Regulations;
(b) a third party where they are of the opinion that the third party has failed to comply with a third party compliance notice under regulation 5.

(2) Where the Authority are of the opinion that a person has failed to comply with the requirement in regulation 3(1)(b), because the person has not published a report on a publicly available website free of charge, the Authority must issue a penalty notice to that person.

(3) A penalty notice is a notice requiring the person to whom it is issued to pay a penalty within the period specified in the notice.

(4) The amount of the penalty is to be determined by the Authority, but —

(a) for the purpose of a penalty notice issued under paragraph (1) or (2) must not exceed —
(i) £5,000 if the person is an individual; or
(ii) £50,000 if the person is a body corporate, Scottish partnership or any other person;
(b) for the purpose of a penalty notice issued under paragraph (2), must be at least £2,500.

(5) A penalty notice must—

(a) be issued to all the trustees of the scheme and specify their joint and several liability for the penalty;
(b) state the amount of the penalty;
(c) state the date by which the penalty must be paid, which must be at least 4 weeks after the date on which the notice is issued;
(d) state the period (if any) to which the penalty relates;
(e) if the notice is issued under paragraph (1)(a)(i) or (b), or (2) specify the failure to which the notice relates;
(f) if the notice is issued under paragraph (1)(a)(ii) specify the provision or provisions which have been contravened;
(g) notify the person to whom the notice is issued of the review process under regulation 9 and the right of referral to a tribunal under regulation 10.

Penalty notices: recovery

7.—(1) Any penalty required by a penalty notice is recoverable by the Authority.

(2) In England and Wales, any such penalty is, if the county court so orders, recoverable under section 85 of the County Courts Act 1984 [footnote 11] or otherwise as if it were payable under an order of that court.

(3) In Scotland, any such penalty is enforceable as if it were an extract registered decree arbitral bearing a warrant for execution signed by the sheriff court of any sheriffdom in Scotland.

(4) The Authority must pay into the Consolidated Fund any penalty recovered under this regulation.

Penalty notices: recovery from bodies corporate and Scottish partnerships

8. — (1) Where —

(a) a penalty under regulation 6 is recoverable from a body corporate or Scottish partnership by reason of any act or omission of the body or partnership; and
(b) the act or omission was done with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of any persons mentioned in paragraph (2),
the Authority may issue the penalty notice to each of those persons who consented to or connived in the act or omission or to whose neglect the act or omission was attributable.

(2) The persons referred to in paragraph (1) are —

(a) in relation to a body corporate —
(i) any director, manager, secretary, or other similar officer of the body, or a person purporting to act in any such capacity; and
(ii) where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, any member who has management functions;
(b) in relation to a Scottish partnership, the partners of that partnership.

(3) Where the Authority require any person mentioned in paragraph (2) to pay a penalty, they —

(a) may not also require the relevant body corporate or Scottish partnership to pay a penalty in respect of the same act or omission; and
(b) must issue a penalty notice to the person who is required to pay, but may also notify the relevant body corporate or Scottish partnership.

Review of penalty notices

9. — (1) The Authority may review a notice to which this paragraph applies —

(a) on the written application of the person to whom the notice was issued; or
(b) if the Authority otherwise consider it appropriate.

(2) Paragraph (1) applies to —

(a) a compliance notice issued under regulation 4;
(b) a third party compliance notice issued under regulation 5;
(c) a penalty notice issued under regulation 6 or 8.

(3) An application to review a notice under paragraph (1)(a) must be made within 28 days of the date on which the notice is issued to a person.

(4) The Authority may review a notice under paragraph (1)(b) within 18 months of the date on which the notice is issued to a person.

(5) On review of a notice, the effect of the notice is suspended for the period beginning on the day the Authority determine to carry out the review and ending on the day the review is completed.

(6) In carrying out the review, the Authority must consider any representations made by the person to whom the notice was issued.

(7) On reviewing a notice, the Authority may —

(a) confirm, vary or revoke the notice;
(b) substitute a different notice.

References to the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal

10. — (1) A person to whom a penalty notice is issued under regulation 6 or 8 may, if one of the conditions in paragraph (2) is satisfied, make a reference to the Tribunal in respect of —

(a) the issue of the notice;
(b) the amount of the penalty under the notice.

(2) The conditions are —

(a) that the Authority have completed a review of the notice under regulation 9; or
(b) that the person to whom the notice was issued made an application for review of the notice under regulation 9(1)(a) and the Authority have determined not to carry out such a review.

(3) On a reference to the Tribunal in respect of a notice, the effect of the notice is suspended for the period beginning on the day the Tribunal receives notice of the reference and ending —

(a) on the day the reference is withdrawn; or
(b) if the reference is made out of time, on the day the Tribunal determines not to allow the reference to proceed; or
(c) on the day the reference is completed.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(c), a reference is completed when —

(a) the reference has been determined; and
(b) the Tribunal has remitted the matter to the Authority.

(5) In this regulation —

(a) “the Tribunal” means —
(i) the Upper Tribunal, in any case where it is determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules that the Upper Tribunal is to hear the reference;
(ii) the First-tier Tribunal in any other case; and
(b) “Tribunal Procedure Rules” means —
(i) the Tribunal Procedure (First-tier Tribunal) (General Regulatory Chamber) Rules 2009 [footnote 12] in relation to the First-tier Tribunal; and
(ii) the Tribunal Procedure (Upper Tribunal) Rules 2008 [footnote 13] in relation to the Upper Tribunal.

Service of notifications and other documents

11. — (1) This regulation applies where any provision under this Part authorises or requires —

(a) a notification to be given or sent to a person; or
(b) a document of any other description (including a copy of the document) to be sent to a person.

(2) The notification or document may be given to the person in question —

(a) by delivering it to the person;
(b) by leaving it at the person’s proper address; or
(c) by sending it by post to the person at that address.

(3) The notification or document may be given or sent to a body corporate by being given or sent to the secretary or clerk of that body.

(4) The notification or document may be given or sent to a firm by being given or sent to —

(a) a partner in the firm; or
(b) a person having the control or management of the partnership business.

(5) The notification or document may be given or sent to an unincorporated body or association by being given or sent to a member of the governing body of the body or association.

(6) For the purposes of this regulation, the proper address of a person is —

(a) in the case of a body corporate, the address of the registered or principal office of the body;
(b) in the case of a firm, or an unincorporated body or association, the address of the principal office of the firm, body or association; and
(c) in any other case, the last known address of the person in question.

(7) In the case of —
(a) a company registered outside the United Kingdom;
(b) a firm carrying on business outside the United Kingdom; or
(c) an unincorporated body or association with offices outside the United Kingdom, the references in paragraph (6) to its principal office include references to its principal office within the United Kingdom (if any).

(8) In this regulation, “notification” includes notice and references to sending a document to a person include references to making an application to that person.

Service by electronic means

  1. — (1) This regulation applies where a notification or document authorised or required to be given or sent for the purposes of this Part is transmitted to a person (“the recipient”) by means of —

(a) an electronic communications network; or
(b) other electronic means.

(2) The transmission has effect for the purposes of this Part as a delivery of the notification or other document to the recipient only if the requirements imposed by or under this regulation are complied with.

(3) Where the recipient is the Authority—

(a) it must have indicated its willingness to receive the notification or other document by means of an electronic communications network or other electronic means;
(b) the transmission must be made in such manner, and satisfy such conditions, as the Authority may require; and
(c) the notification or other document must take such form as the Authority may require.

(4) Where the person making the transmission is the Authority, subject to paragraph (5) it may determine —

(a) the manner in which the transmission is made; and
(b) the form in which the notification or other document is transmitted.

(5) Where the recipient is a person other than the Authority —

(a) the recipient; or
(b) the person on whose behalf the recipient receives the notification or other document, must have indicated a willingness to receive notifications or documents transmitted in the form and manner used.

(6) An indication given to the Authority for the purposes of paragraph (5) —

(a) must be given to the Authority in such manner as it may require;
(b) may be a general indication or one that is limited to notifications or documents of a particular description;
(c) must state the address to be used and must be accompanied by such other information as the Authority requires for making the transmission; and
(d) may be modified or withdrawn at any time by a notice given to the Authority in such manner as it may require.

(7) An indication, requirement or determination given, imposed or made by the Authority for the purposes of this regulation is to be given, imposed or made by being published in such a manner as it considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of the persons who, in its opinion are likely to be affected by it.

(8) In this regulation —

(a) “notification” includes notice;
(b) “electronic communications network” has the same meaning as in the Communications Act 2003. [footnote 14]

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

Name:
Minister for Pensions and Financial Inclusion
Department for Work and Pensions

Address:
Date:

Schedule

Part 1: Climate change governance etc. requirements

Governance

1. Trustees must establish and maintain oversight of the climate-related risks and opportunities which are relevant to the scheme.

2. Trustees must establish and maintain processes for the purpose of satisfying themselves that —

(a) any person who undertakes governance activities in relation to the scheme otherwise than as a trustee, takes adequate steps to identify, assess and manage climate-related risks and opportunities which are relevant to the scheme; and
(b) any person who is not a legal adviser of the trustees and who advises or assists the trustees with respect to governance activities, takes adequate steps to identify and assess climate-related risks and opportunities which are relevant to the matters in respect of which they are advising or assisting.

Strategy

3. Trustees must, on an ongoing basis, identify climate-related risks and opportunities which they consider will have an effect over the short term, medium term and long term on the scheme’s investment strategy and where the scheme has a funding strategy, the funding strategy.

4. For the purpose of paragraph 3, the time periods which comprise the short term, medium term and long term are such time periods as the trustees determine are appropriate taking into account the scheme’s liabilities and its obligations to pay benefits.

5. Trustees must, on an ongoing basis, assess the impact of the climate-related risks and opportunities which they have identified on the scheme’s investment strategy and where the scheme has a funding strategy, the funding strategy.

6. Trustees must, as far as they are able, undertake scenario analysis which considers the matters in paragraph 7 in at least two scenarios where there is an increase in the global average temperature and in one of those scenarios the global average temperature increase selected by the trustees must be within the range of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, to and including 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

7. For the purposes of paragraph 6, the matters are —

(a) the potential impact on the scheme’s assets and liabilities of the effects of the global average increase in temperature and of any steps which might be taken (by governments or otherwise) because of the increase in temperature in such scenarios;
(b) the resilience of the scheme’s investment strategy in such scenarios; and
(c) where the scheme has a funding strategy, the resilience of the funding strategy in such scenarios.

8. The scenario analysis required by paragraph 6 must be undertaken —

(a) in the first scheme year in respect of which the requirements of this Part apply in accordance with regulation 2; and
(b) every three years thereafter, subject to paragraph 9.

9. In any scheme year where the trustees are not required by paragraph 8 to undertake scenario analysis, the trustees must review the most recent scenario analysis they have undertaken and determine whether it is nevertheless appropriate to undertake new scenario analysis to ensure they have an up to date understanding of —

(a) the potential impacts on the scheme’s assets and liabilities;
(b) the resilience of the scheme’s investment strategy; and
(c) where the scheme has a funding strategy, the resilience of the funding strategy, in at least two scenarios where there is a global average increase in temperature and where in one of those scenarios the global average temperature increase is within the range of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, to and including 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

10. Where the trustees have determined in accordance with paragraph 9 that it is appropriate to undertake new scenario analysis, they must do so as far as they are able.

Risk management

11. Trustees must establish and maintain processes for the purpose of enabling them to identify and assess climate-related risks which are relevant to the scheme.

12. Trustees must establish and maintain processes for the purpose of enabling them to manage effectively climate-related risks which are relevant to the scheme.

13.Trustees must ensure that management of climate-related risks is integrated into their overall risk management of the scheme.

Metrics and targets

14.Trustees must select a minimum of —

(a) one metric which gives the total greenhouse gas emissions of the scheme’s assets (“absolute emissions metric”);
(b) one metric which gives the total carbon dioxide emissions per unit of currency invested by the scheme (“emissions intensity metric”); and
(c) one other metric relating to climate change which does not meet the description in sub-paragraph (a) or (b) (“additional climate change metric”),

to calculate in relation to the scheme’s assets and must review their selection from time to time as appropriate to the scheme.

15.Trustees must on an annual basis and as far as they are able —

(a) obtain the scope 1, scope 2 and scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions of the scheme’s assets;

(b) use the data obtained to calculate their selected absolute emissions metric and selected emissions intensity metric; and
(c) use the metrics they have calculated to identify and assess the climate-related risks and opportunities which are relevant to the scheme.

16.Trustees must on an annual basis and as far as they are able —

(a) obtain the data required to calculate their selected additional climate change metric;
(b) use the data obtained to calculate that metric in relation to the scheme’s assets; and
(c) use the metric they have calculated to identify and assess the climate-related risks and opportunities which are relevant to the scheme.

17. Trustees must set a target for the scheme in relation to at least one of the metrics which they have selected to calculate.

18.Trustees must on an annual basis —

(a) measure, as far as they are able, the performance of the scheme against any target they have set in accordance with paragraph 17; and
(b) taking into account the scheme’s performance, determine whether the target should be retained or replaced.

General and interpretation

19. Where this Part provides that trustees must meet a requirement “as far as they are able”, the trustees are required to take all such steps as are reasonable and proportionate in the particular circumstances taking into account —

(a) the costs, or likely costs, which will be incurred by the scheme; and
(b) the time required to be spent by the trustees, or any person to whom the trustees have delegated responsibility,

in taking such steps.

20. For the purposes of this Part, the following definitions apply —

(a) “emissions” in relation to a greenhouse gas has the meaning given by section 97 of the Climate Change Act 2008; [footnote 15]
(b) “greenhouse gas” has the meaning given by section 92 of the Climate Change Act 2008;

(c) “scope 1” in relation to greenhouse gas emissions means all direct emissions from the activities of an organisation or under its control;
(d) “scope 2” in relation to greenhouse gas emissions means indirect emissions from electricity purchased and used by an organisation which are created during the production of energy which the organisation uses;
(e) “scope 3” in relation to greenhouse gas emissions means all indirect emissions from activities of the organisation, other than scope 2 emissions, which occur from sources that the organisation does not directly control.

Part 2: Information to be included in the report

21. A statement describing —

(a) how the trustees maintain oversight of climate-related risks and opportunities which are relevant to the scheme;
(b) the role of any person who undertakes governance activities in relation to the scheme, in identifying, assessing and managing climate-related risks and opportunities relevant to the scheme and the process by which the trustees satisfy themselves that the person is undertaking such identification, assessment and management;
(c) the role of any person who, otherwise than as a legal adviser of the trustees, advises or assists the trustees with respect to governance activities relating to the scheme and the process by which the trustees satisfy themselves that the person is taking adequate steps to identify and assess climate-related risks and opportunities which are relevant to the matters in respect of which they are advising or assisting;
(d) the climate-related risks and opportunities which the trustees have identified in accordance with paragraph 3;
(e) the time periods which the trustees have determined should comprise the short term, medium term and long term in accordance with paragraph 4;
(f) the impact of the climate-related risks and opportunities specified in sub-paragraph (d) on the scheme’s investment strategy and, where the scheme has a funding strategy, the impact of those risks and opportunities on the funding strategy;
(g) the most recent scenarios which the trustees have analysed in accordance with paragraph 6 or 10;
(h) the potential impacts on the scheme’s assets and liabilities which the trustees have identified in the most recent scenarios they have analysed in accordance with paragraph 6 or 10;
(i) the resilience of the scheme’s investment strategy and where the scheme has a funding strategy, the resilience of the funding strategy, in the most recent scenarios the trustees have analysed in accordance with paragraph 6 or 10;
(j) in cases where paragraph 9 applies, and the trustees have determined not to undertake new scenario analysis, the trustees’ reasons for this determination;
(k) the processes which the trustees have established in accordance with paragraph 11 for identifying and assessing climate-related risks to the scheme;
(l) the processes which the trustees have established in accordance with paragraph 12 for managing climate-related risks to the scheme;
(m) how the processes referred to in sub-paragraphs (k) and (l) are integrated within the trustees’ overall risk management of the scheme;
(n) the metrics which the trustees have calculated in accordance with paragraphs 15 and 16 and, if the trustees have not been able to obtain data to calculate the metrics for all of the assets of the scheme, why this is the case;
(o) the target, or targets which the trustees have set in accordance with paragraph 17 and the performance of the scheme against such target, or targets, which the trustees have measured in accordance with paragraph 18(a).

Explanatory note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

[These Regulations impose requirements on trustees of certain occupational pension schemes, including trustees of schemes authorised to provide collective money purchase benefits and trustees of authorised master trust schemes, with a view to ensuring that there is effective governance of those schemes with respect to the effects of climate change. The Regulations also impose associated reporting and publication requirements on such trustees.

Part 1 contains general provisions.

Part 2 contains provisions about the requirements relating to governance, reporting and publication of the effects of climate change on a scheme and about which trustees are subject to such requirements.
Regulation 2 specifies which trustees are subject to requirements relating to governance contained in Part 1 of the Schedule. For trustees of trust schemes which are not authorised master trust schemes or authorised schemes providing collective money purchase benefits, regulation 2(1) to (3) provides for the requirements to be introduced on a phased basis from 1st October 2021 according to the value of relevant assets of the scheme at the end of a specified scheme year.

Regulation 3 specifies the reporting and publication requirements and which trustees are subject to the requirements. It introduces Part 2 of the Schedule, which sets out the information to be contained in a report required to be produced and published under regulation 3.

Part 3 contains provisions about compliance with requirements imposed by these Regulations.

An assessment of the effect that this instrument will have on the costs to business, the voluntary sector and civil society organisations has been made and is published with the Explanatory Memorandum alongside the instrument on www.legislation.gov.uk. Copies may be obtained from the:

Better Regulation Unit of the Department for Work and Pensions

Caxton House

Tothill Street

London

SW1H 9NA

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